- Potatoes contain many vitamins and other nutrients important for health.
- With 2.1 million tonnes exported (vegetable costs), France is the world’s leading exporter of potatoes.
Vitamin C, potassium, magnesium… we often ignore it but the potato is full of benefits.
And that’s good since it is an essential product in the diet of the French who consume 50 kg of it each year.
Despite its “anti-diet” reputation, the potato offers the characteristic benefits of a vegetable: its vitamins, made up of antioxidants and fibre, play a protective role in health.
This is particularly the case for red and purple varieties which contain flavonoid antioxidants (anthocyanins), lutein and zeaxanthin.
The potato is above all an interesting source of complex carbohydrates, which provides lasting energy to the body and makes you feel full longer.
It also provides a significant amount of nutrients including potassium, essential since it is involved in many vital functions (liver, kidneys, heart, etc.)
Thus, a medium baked potato (without the skin) contains 610 milligrams of potassium, or 13% of the recommended daily intake where a medium banana only contains 422 milligrams, or 9%. And the potato also contains fewer calories.
Additionally, potatoes contain the second highest levels of choline, which is vital to consume as it is essential for good brain, nerve and muscle health.
It is also for its vitamin B6 content, which is linked to good mental health, that we recommend eating potatoes: a small potato contains about a quarter of the recommended daily intake of vitamin B6 for an adult.
And citrus fruits are not the only source of vitamin C: on average, a small potato (150 g) contains about 15% of the recommended daily intake of vitamin C, a source of antioxidants and which is essential for the support of immune function.
Finally, the potato is a source of resistant starch – a type of fiber “resistant” to digestion by human intestinal enzymes. By acting as a prebiotic, the potato nourishes the bacteria in our intestines and supports them in good health.
Be careful, however, not to eat it in the form of fries, whose high fat content is a factor in increasing the risk of serious diseases, such as certain cancers, obesity, diabetes or neurodegenerative pathologies… more than acrylamide, a substance developed by potato when fried at too high a temperature, is also suspected to be carcinogenic, Medisite report.
It is better to opt for a cooking method without fat and choose them organic to be able to consume them with the skin and benefit from all their benefits.